Latest News in Meteorology

Climate change is a problem that has adverse impacts on World's  economic development and threatens the existence of the human race.Some of the strategies oulined on the agreement reached in Paris are:Adaptation,Mitigation,Policy and Regulatory Framework
Knowledge Management and Capacity Development,Technology  Transfer,National Performance and Benefit Measurement and  Finance.

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In a global context under the influence of a strong El Niño episode, the most likely scenario for the next cyclone season 2015-2016 tends to call for a cyclone activity that would be lower or close to the norm over the South-West Indian Ocean basin.

Department of Meteorology
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 What is El Niño?

Print, electronic and social media in East Africa have portrayed El Niño as a condition with exceptionally heavy rains, perhaps because of the phenomenal occurrence in 1997/98. However, El Niño is not always associated with heavy rains in East Africa. As a matter of fact, some of the wettest years on record in East Africa (the classic example of which was 1961) were not linked to El Niño!

Panelists from left Ms Stella Aura,P.Ambenje,Mwangi,ICPAC Representative and Dr.NYamai

 The phrase El Niño (pronounced as El Ninyo) literally means “the boy child”, the shortened form for El Niño de Navidad, which means The Boy Child of Christmas. This phrase was coined by fishermen in Latin America who observed that during certain years around Christmas time the fish catch was adversely affected by warm ocean waters, which they associated to spiritual forces.

During El Niño events, a warm ocean current flows off the coast of northern South America in the south-eastern Pacific Ocean. This warm current, which results from weakened surface easterly winds, is often accompanied with decreased upwelling of ocean water and reduced upward transport of plankton that is necessary for the countries’ thriving fish industry. El Niño is a fairly frequent phenomenon with a rate of recurrence of one every three to seven years.

How El Niño Influences Rainfall in East Africa

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